Fisheries is a sunrise sector with varied resources and potential, engaging over 14.50 million people at the primary level and many more along the value chain. Transformation of the fisheries sector from traditional to commercial scale has led to an increase in fish production from 7.5 lakh tonne in 1950-51 to 107.95 lakh tonne during 2015-16, while the export earnings from the sector registered at around 33,441 crore in 2014-15 (US$ 5.51 billion). The sector registered an overall annual growth rate of about 4% during the 11th Five Year Plan period. It has contributed about 0.91% to the National Gross Domestic Production (GDP) and 5.23% to the agricultural GDP (2014-15). Constituting about 6.30% of the global fish production and 5% of global trade, India has attained the second largest fish producing and second largest aquaculture nation in the world.
India is bestowed with varied potential resources in the form of rivers and canals (1.95 lakh km); floodplain lakes (7.98 lakh hectare); ponds and tanks (24.33 lakh hectare); reservoirs (29.26 lakh hectare) and brackish water (11.55 lakh hectare). The marine fisheries resources is estimated at 4.41 million metric tonne and its activities spread along the country’s long coastline of 8118 km with 2.02 million square km Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf area of 0.53 million sq.km.
Foreseeing the high potential in the sector, the Hon’ble Prime Minister has called for a revolution in the fisheries sector and has named it as “Blue Revolution”.
BLUE REVOLUTION - NEEL KRANTI MISSION
Blue Revolution, the Neel Kranti Mission has the vision to achieve economic prosperity of the country and the fishers and fish farmers as well as contribute towards food and nutritional security through full potential utilization of water resources for fisheries development in a sustainable manner, keeping in view the bio-security and environmental concerns. The Neel Kranti Mission, 2016 (NKM 16), being the year in which the Vision has been given by the Prime Minister will have multi-dimensional approach to all activities concerned with development of the fisheries sector as modern world class industry in India. It will focus on tapping the full production potential and enhance productivity substantially from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine. Substantially increasing the share of Indian fisheries in the export area would be a key goal. It will ensure doubling the income of the fishers and fish farmers with inclusive participation of the socio-economically weaker sections and ensure sustainability with environment and biosecurity.
Creating an enabling environment for integrated development of the full potential of fisheries of the country, alongwith substantially improvement in the income status of fishers and fish farmers keeping in view the sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns.