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Introduction


In the year 1923, in the Finance Department a separate ‘section’ of fisheries was created and this began the Fisheries extension work in India. In 1929, this ‘section’ was transferred to Industries Department. In 1936, three posts were sanctioned to look in to the work of north, south and central Bihar. This section was again transferred to Agriculture Department in 1956. Sub-divisional and District posts were sanctioned to provide quality fish seed to farmers. On 10th October 1964, Government sanctioned a separate Directorate of Fisheries and was annexed to the Animal & Fish Resources Department. Currently the Directorate of fisheries continues to be under the Department of Animal and Fish Resources. It is headed by Director Fishery and it has (District Fishery Officer) DFO in all the districts of Bihar.

Current Scenario and Scope

The river system of the country comprises 14 major rivers (catchments >20,000 km2), 44 medium rivers (catchments 2,000 to 20,000 km2) and innumerable small rivers and desert streams (catchments area <2,000 km2). Different river systems of the country, having a combined length of 29,000 km, provide one of the richest fish genetic resources in the world. The floodplain lakes are primarily continuum of rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra. These are in the form of oxbow-lakes (Mauns, Chaurs, Jheels, Beels as they are called locally), especially in Assam, Manipur, West Bengal, Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh (212.213 thousand ha). They occupy important position in the inland fisheries of India because of their magnitude as well as their production potential. Besides, the resources under ponds and tanks have been estimated at 2.254 million ha.